By Kristie Snyder,
John Chapman would be pleased. You might know him by another name -— Johnny Appleseed. The eccentric frontiersman had much to do with making cider a household staple in Expansionist America — author Michael Pollan called him the "American Dionysus."
The apple has deep roots in our region -— the Native Americans were growing apples, obtained through trade with Europeans, on the rich soils of the Finger Lakes before Chapman was even born. When General John Sullivan's "campaign" of destruction visited Haudenosaunee villages in the Finger Lakes in 1779, his soldiers were impressed by the large orchards of apples and other fruits -— which they proceeded to chop down and burn.
Two hundred years after Chapman's time, cider is making a reappearance on American tables. When I say cider, I mean hard cider, not the sweet, fresh-pressed stuff beloved by children. America's favorite beverage pre-Prohibition, hard cider in its modern incarnation is better compared to wine. It's fermented from the juice of apples grown specifically for cider — apples grown for their sugar, acid and tannin content — and can result in a product that ranges from sweet to dry, sparkling to still, from barely alcoholic to around ten percent alcohol. As with wine, the best way to find out what you like is to taste.
You'll have plenty of opportunity to do so early this month, during the Finger Lakes Cider Week. With several local cideries up and running, and more in their infancy stages (think orchards full of baby trees), it's high time to draw attention to this local product. The newly formed Finger Lakes Cider Alliance organized Cider Week, timed to coincide with the Downtown Ithaca Apple Harvest Festival, to educate consumers about the beverage and give them an opportunity to sample, and to celebrate the bounty of ciders being produced in the area.
"It's a good time for cider to make its way back to American tables," says Autumn Stoscheck of Eve's Cidery in Van Etten. According to Stoscheck, the Finger Lakes is an ideal spot for a cider resurgence — it's a great place to grow apples, and there's an enthusiastic market for local, sustainable products and a supportive network of young farmers. She adds that cider apples, which are grown for properties completely unrelated to size or cosmetics, can be grown more easily using organic methods. Cider gives orchardists a year-round product to sell, and allows apple growers access to a different market than that for fresh fruit sales. This year, the additional diversity afforded by growing cider apples allowed some orchards to better weather the spring's killing frosts — cider apples tend to bloom later than their bound-for-fresh-eating counterparts.
Other local and regional cideries include Bellwether Hard Cider in Trumansburg, Redbyrd Cider in Burdett, Harvest Moon Cidery in Cazenovia, and SteamPunk Cider in Lyndonville. Most of these cannot be found on GreenStar's shelves, as New York law prohibits beverages containing over six percent alcohol from being sold in grocery stores (higher-test ciders can be found in local wine markets such as Red Feet). GreenStar does carry Bellwether ciders, along with Original Sin ciders, made in New York City from upstate-grown apples, and Sam Smith organic cider from the UK. According to Grocery Department Buyer Adam Morris, "more and more customers are getting interested in cider because of the great taste and use of upstate apples. Also, for those on a gluten-free diet, it's a good alternative to beer."
While many local events and tastings are planned, GreenStar shoppers can sample Bellwether's ciders right in the store on Thursday, Oct. 4. From 3 to 7 pm, Bellwether will be at the West-End store sampling ciders and answering questions.
If you miss Cider Week, the website, www.ciderweekflx.com, is still a good resource for information on cider and local producers. Bellwether Hard Cider and Eve's Cidery can both be found at the Ithaca Farmer's Market, and most local wine stores stock local and regional hard ciders.
"Cider is part of America's food culture," says Stoscheck. For local food enthusiasts, learning about cider can be an exciting new area of taste exploration.
Visit www.ciderweekflx.com for a complete listing of Cider Week events and participating venues, along with general information about cider and a directory of local producers.
New in Produce
|Big Local Bounty|
Local produce is still rolling in. We've got greens and veggies of all kinds, and Black Diamond apples!
The receding of daylight, the descent of temperature, the cascading of leaves — the autumnal equinox is upon us as summer takes its final bow. Goodbye heat and humidity — it's time to break out the flannels like it's Seattle '91 and enjoy our local harvests while harvests we have. Stick and Stone Farm continues to provide unbeatable green beans, vibrant brassicas, delicious nightshades, and amazing Asian greens (baby bok choy, Chinese raab, and Chinese broccoli). Blue Heron Farm offers top-notch beets, cabbage, lettuce, and chard. Don't miss their fantastic garlic and tomatoes (can some salsa, you'll need a winter cupboard cache). Apple season is upon us as well. Black Diamond will provide us with 9+ different varieties of primo-quality apples and superbly delicious grapes. I mourn the passing of my summer sun, but remember how lucky we are to have the friendships of orchards and farms, farmers and farmhands, vegetables and fruits.